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Gresham T. Richter, MD
Dr. Gresham Richter

Associate Professor, Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology
Arkansas Children’s Hospital
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

Vascular Anomalies and Pediatric Otolaryngology Research Director, Arkansas Children's Hospital

Phone:  501-364-1047

Dr. Richter is a pediatric otolaryngologist, head and neck surgeon and vascular anomalies specialist who joined Arkansas Children’s Hospital in 2008 after completing a 2-year fellowship in pediatric otolaryngology at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital. He is the fellowship director and vice chief of the pediatric otolaryngology division at ACH.

In late 2009 he established the Center for Congenital Aberrancies in Vascular Development, through the support of ACHRI and private donors, to experimentally explore novel therapeutic approaches for complex vascular birthmarks and congenital vascular tumors. The center has aimed to use both animal models and molecular techniques to determine the etiology and potential cure for these vascular lesions. Since its foundation, Dr. Richter’s research group has received numerous grants and research awards in support of these efforts. His discoveries include animal models for both lymphatic and arteriovenous malformations and the role of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and matrix metaloprteinases in the growth and treatment of hemangiomas and arteriovenous malformations, respectively. He continues to investigate genetic and molecular determinants of vascular anomalies; identify potential molecular pharmacotherapeutic targets and the role of chemotherapy in management of vascular malformations and problematic hemangiomas. He is now co-director of the newly established Arkansas Vascular Biology Program (2013) and the director for the Vascular Anomalies Center of Excellence at ACH.

In addition, Dr. Richter pursues research in pediatric airway anomalies. This includes the pathophysiology and management of laryngomalacia and swallowing problems in children; airway remodeling and mucosal wound healing; and novel techniques to airway reconstruction.

Key Publications

F Hou, Y Dai, JR Dornhoffer, JY Suen, CY Fan, AG Saad, LM Buckmiller, GT Richter. Expression of endogolin (CD105) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase in head and neck arteriovenous malformations. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013 Mar;139 (3):237-43.

S Parikh, D Darrow, F Grimmer, S Manning, GT Richter, J Perkins. Propranolol use for infantile hemangiomas: American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology Vascular Anomalies Task Force practice patterns. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013 Feb;139(2):153-6.

GT Richter.  Supraglottic Mechanics.  Laryngoscope. 2012 Dec;122 Suppl 4:S80-1. 

GT Richter and L Braswell.  Management of Venous Malformations.  Facial Plast Surg. 2012 Dec;28(6):603-10.

GT Richter, AB Friedman. Hemangiomas and Vascular Malformations: Current Management and Theory.  International Journal of Pediatrics.  Int J Pediatr. 2012;2012:645-678.

Y Dai, F Hou, A Saad, CY Fan, LM Buckmiller, JY Suen, GT Richter. eNOS Protein Expression is Decreased inInvoluting and Propranolol Treated Hemangiomas. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012 Feb;138(2):177-82.

PD Munson, AG Saad, SM El-Jamel, Y Dai, CM Bower, GT Richter. Submucosal nerve hypertrophy in congenital laryngomalacia. Laryngoscope Mar 2011;121 (3):627-9.

F Hou, Y Dai, LM Buckmiller, G Shafirstein, CY Fan, A Saad, JY Suen, GT Richter. A Pilot In Vivo Model of   Human Microcystic Lymphatic Malformations. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011 Dec;137(12):1280-5

GT Richter and JY Suen. Extracranial Pediatric Arteriovenous Malformations. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011 Dec;19(6):455-61.

Y Dai, F Hou, A Saad, CY Fan, LM Buckmiller, JY Suen, GT Richter.  Preliminary Investigation of Human Lymphatic Malformations In Vitro. Laryngoscope. 2011 Nov;121(11):2435-42.
GT Richter. Management of oropharyngeal dysphagia in the neurologically intact and developmentally normal child. Curr Opin Otolaryngolo Head Neck Surg. Dec 2010. (6) 554-63.

GT Richter, JY Suen. Clinical course of arteriovenous malformations of the head and neck: A case series. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Feb;142(2): 184-90.

LM Buckmiller, PD Munson, U Dyamenahalli, Y Dai, GT Richter. Propranolol for infantile hemangiomas: Early experience at a tertiary vascular anomalies center. Laryngoscope. 2010 Apr;120(4): 676-81.

RS Glade, GT Richter, CA James, JY Suen, LM Buckmiller. Diagnosis and management of pediatric cervicofacial venous malformations: Retrospective review from a vascular anomalies center. Laryngoscope. 2010 Feb;120(2): 229-35.

LM Buckmiller, GT Richter, JY Suen. Diagnosis and management of hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the head and neck. Oral Dis. 2010 Jul;16(5):405-18

LM Buckmiller, U Dyamenahalli, GT Richter. Propranolol for airway hemangiomas: Case report of novel treatment. Laryngoscope. 2009 Oct;119 (10): 2051-4.

GT Richter, CT Wootten, MJ Rutter, DM Thompson. The impact of supraglottoplasty on aspiration in severe laryngomalacia. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2009 Apr;118(4): 259-66.

CK Hart, GT Richter, RT Cotton, MJ Rutter. Arytenoid prolapse: A source of obstruction following laryngotracheoplasty. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009 May;140(5): 752-6

JM Dickson, GT Richter, MJ Rutter, DM Thompson. Secondary airway lesions in infants with laryngomalacia. Annals of Otorhinolaryngology. 2009 Jan;118(1): 37-43.
Richter GT, Mehta D, Albert D, Elluru RG. A novel murine model for the examination of experimental subglottic stenosis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009 Jan;135(1):45-52.

Richter GT, Mehta D, Albert D, Elluru RG. A novel murine model for the examination of experimental subglottic stenosis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009 Jan;135(1):45-52.

Eivazi B, Ardelean M, Bäumler W, Berlien HP, Cremer H, Elluru R, Koltai P, Olofsson J, Richter G, Schick B, Werner JA. Update on hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the head and neck. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2009 Feb;266(2):187-97. Epub 2008 Dec 4.

Hall JE, Richter GT, Choo DI. Surgical management of otologic disease in pediatric patients with Turner syndrome. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2009 Jan;73(1):57-65. Epub 2008 Nov 20.

Richter GT, Thompson DM. The surgical management of laryngomalacia. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2008 Oct;41(5):837-64, vii. Review.

Dornhoffer JL, Smith J, Richter G, Boeckmann J. Impact on quality of life after mastoid obliteration. Laryngoscope. 2008 Aug;118(8):1427-32.

Richter GT, Willging JP. Suction cautery and electrosurgical risks in otolaryngology. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2008 Jul;72(7):1013-21. Epub 2008 Apr 24. Review.

Grisel JJ, Richter GT, Casper KA, Thompson DM. Acquired tracheoesophageal fistula following disc-battery ingestion: can we watch and wait? Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2008 May;72(5):699-706. Epub 2008 Mar 7.

Richter GT, Rutter MJ, deAlarcon A, Orvidas LJ, Thompson DM. Late-onset laryngomalacia: a variant of disease. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008 Jan;134(1):75-80.

Richter GT, Ryckman F, Brown RL, Rutter MJ. Endoscopic management of recurrent tracheoesophageal fistula. J Pediatr Surg. 2008 Jan;43(1):238-45.

Richter GT, Smith JE, Spencer HJ, Fan CY, Vural E. Histological comparison of implanted cadaveric and porcine dermal matrix grafts. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007 Aug;137(2):239-42.

Buckmiller LM, Richter GT, Waner M, Suen JY. Use of recombinant factor VIIa during excision of vascular anomalies. Laryngoscope. 2007 Apr;117(4):604-9.

Richter GT, Suen J, North PE, James CA, Waner M, Buckmiller LM. Arteriovenous malformations of the tongue: a spectrum of disease. Laryngoscope. 2007 Feb;117(2):328-35.

Richter GT, Bower CM. Cervical complications following routine tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006 Dec;14(6):375-80. Review.

Richter GT, Mennemeier M, Bartel T, Chelette KC, Kimbrell T, Triggs W, Dornhoffer JL. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for tinnitus: a case study. Laryngoscope. 2006 Oct;116(10):1867-72.

Richter GT, Fan CY, Ozgursoy O, McCoy J, Vural E. Effect of vascular endothelial growth factor on skin graft survival in Sprague-Dawley rats. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006 Jun;132(6):637-41.

Current Funding

Marion B. Lyon New Scientist Development Award - 2009



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